Agricultural and horticultural farms

  • Flanders has 23,361 agricultural and horticultural farms

    Flanders had 23,361 agricultural and horticultural farms in 2018, 77% of which can be considered professional farms. This means that the farm has a standard yield of at least 25,000 euros. The number of agricultural and horticultural farms fell by approximately one third compared to 2005. 

  • Average agricultural surface per farm increased by almost half

    Between 2005 and 2018, the average surface of agricultural land per business increased by almost half, to 26.5 hectares. Smaller farms in particular are discontinuing their activities, which leads to ever larger agricultural surfaces for use by the remaining farms.

    The average livestock density per farm is also indicative of an increase in scale. The average number of livestock units per farm and the average number of livestock per specialised cattle, pig and poultry farm increased continuously between 2005 and 2018.


  • Number of organic farms doubled between 2010 and 2018

    At the end of 2018, 514 organic farms were in operation, including those in conversion. This means that the number of organic producers has grown by an average of 10% per year over the past five years. In 2018, all organic farms together cultivated 7,913 ha or approximately 1.2% of the total agricultural land. Compared to 8 years ago, the number of organic farms has doubled.

  • Average surface per agricultural farm highest in Flemish Brabant and Limburg

    The average surface per agricultural farm is highest in Flemish Brabant and Limburg and lowest in West and East Flanders.


Department of Agriculture and Fisheries: 


Standard yield: the monetary value of gross agricultural production per unit at farm-gate prices excluding VAT. Subsidies are not taken into account. Specific costs (seeds, fertilisers, pesticides, fodder, energy, etc.) are not deducted either. 

Livestock unit (LU): an agricultural conversion factor. For example, any bovine animal older than 2 years and a breeding horse older than 6 months corresponds to 1 LU, a bovine animal of 6 months to 2 years is 0.6 LU, breeding sows 0.3 LU, meat pigs 0.143 LU, sheep and goats  0.15 LU, egg-producing hens 0.009 LU and meat chickens 0.003 LU. 



Publication date

18 February 2020

Next update

December 2020

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