Aid dependency of partner countries on Flemish development cooperation


Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), processed by Statistics Flanders


Aid dependency: the ratio between the official development assistance (ODA) received by a given country and that country’s gross national income (GNI). This relates to the total official development assistance for that particular country, not just the official development assistance received from Flanders.

Official development assistance or ODA: the expenditures which comply with the official criteria for development cooperation, established at international level by the 24 members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

An expenditure is qualified as ODA if it meets the following criteria:
1. Official: it is development assistance funded by government organisations
2. Development: the main aim is economic and social development
3. Assistance: the contribution is genuine aid, not a commercial transaction against market terms
4. The aid goes to a country or international institution that is included in the recognised list.

Gross national income (GNI): the total sum of all goods and services produced in a given country (gross domestic product) plus the primary incomes earned abroad by nationals of the country in question and minus the primary incomes earned by foreigners in that country.

The gross domestic product is constituted by adding the product-specific taxes on production and imports against basic prices to the gross value added and by subtracting the product-specific subsidies for production and imports.

Remarks on quality

The ODA data are based on payments made by the various governments.

The gross value added (basis for GDP) is calculated for 5 sectors: the non-financial cooperations (= businesses) and households (= enterprises without legal personality), financial cooperations, government and non-profit institutions serving households.

The international bodies (such as the OECD) that make international statistics available, review their statistics on a regular basis. Which means that data derived from reports are not always the same from one year to another.

International statistics authorities often use internationally accepted standards and harmonisation methods to render data series from different countries comparable, often implying that national data need to be adjusted and additional estimates need to be made where no data are available. These data may derogate from the national estimates.


OECD: DAC Aid at a glance


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