Aid dependency of partner countries on Flemish development cooperation
Aid dependency of 3 partner countries differs greatly
The degree of aid dependency differs greatly between the 3 official partner countries of the Flemish development cooperation. The aid dependency shows the ratio between the official development assistance or ODA received by a given country and that country’s gross national income (GNI). This relates to the total official development assistance for that particular country, not just the official development assistance received from Flanders.
In its development cooperation efforts, the Flemish government focuses on 3 countries in Southern Africa: Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa. South Africa’s aid dependency is low, fluctuating between 0.3% and 0.5% of the GNI. For Mozambique, the total development assistance is a larger portion of the GNI (15%). Aid dependency is highest in Malawi (25%). In this country, aid dependency fluctuates most.
Official development assistance (ODA): the sum total of the expenditures which comply with the international criteria for development cooperation.
Gross national income (GNI): the sum total of all goods and services produced in a given country (gross domestic product) plus the primary incomes earned abroad by nationals of the country in question and minus the primary incomes earned by foreigners in that country.