Aspects of working time and workplace regulation

  • Almost 12% of the employed in evening work, 3.5% in night work

    In 2019, the proportion of workers in the Flemish Region who perform evening work for at least half of their working days was 11.6%, compared to 15.2% in 1999. The share fluctuated around 15% in the period 1999-2010, followed by a decline to 9.8% in 2016. The most recent years show a new increase of evening work.

    In the 1999-2019 period, the proportion of workers with night work was much lower than that of workers with evening work. The proportion with night work dropped from 5.3% in 1999 to 3.5% in 2019.

  • More men than women with evening work and night work

    In 2019, the share of working men with evening work in the Flemish Region was 13.9%, that of working women 9.0%. The share of men and women decreased between 1999 and 2019.

    The share of working men with night work was 4.7% in the period 1999-2019, compared to 2.2% for women. For both men and women, that share decreased in the period 1999-2019.

  • Lower share of working persons with evening and night work in Flemish Region than EU average

    In 2019, the proportion of persons employed in evening work in the Flemish Region (11.6%) was higher than in the Brussels-Capital Region (9.1%) and the Walloon Region (10.1%).
    In
    the European Union with the United Kingdom (EU28) the proportion of working persons with evening work was on average 14.2% in 2019, compared to 14.7% in the European Union without the United Kingdom (EU27). The Flemish Region performed significantly lower than the EU average.
    Greece (38.4%) had the highest proportion of persons employed in evening work, followed by the Netherlands (29.6%) and Slovakia (23.2%). France (4.4%) had the lowest percentage in evening work, preceded by Croatia (5.5%) and Poland (7.2%).

    In 2019, the proportion of working people in night work in the Flemish Region (3.5%) was a little lower than in the Walloon Region (4,1%) and slightly higher than in the Brussels-Capital Region (3.0%).
    In
    the European Union with the United Kingdom (EU28) the proportion of persons employed in night work was in 2019 on average 5.4% and in the European Union without the United Kingdom (EU27) 5.3%. That is somewhat higher than in the Flemish Region.
    Slovakia (15.0%) had the highest proportion in night work, followed by Malta (9.4%), Slovenia (8.7%) and the Netherlands (8.4%). Poland (2.3%) had the lowest percentage, preceded by Croatia (2.5%) and Portugal (2.7%).

  • 23% employed in Saturday work, 13% in Sunday work

    The proportion of working persons in the Flemish Region who work at least 2 Saturdays per month was 23.4% in 2019, compared to 19.1% in 1999.

    The proportion of working people that work at least 2 Sundays a week was far lower than the proportion in Saturday work. The proportion in Sunday work increased from 9.8% in 1999 to 13.2% in 2019.

  • Small differences between men and women in Saturday and Sunday work

    For working men, the share of Saturday work in 2019 was 23.5%, for women 23.3%. The share of men has risen more sharply since 1999.

    The share of working men with Sunday work was 12.9% in 2019, compared to 13.6% for women. The share of men rose slightly more in the period 1999-2019.

  • Share of working persons employed in Saturday and Sunday work lower in Flemish Region than EU average

    In 2019, the proportion of persons employed in Saturday work in the Flemish Region (23.4%) was higher than in the Walloon Region (23.0%) and in the Brussels-Capital Region (18.8%).
    In
    the European Union with the United Kingdom (EU28) the proportion of persons employed in Saturday work was 25.0% in 2019, compared to 24.8% in the European Union without the United Kingdom (EU27). The Flemish Region was in the middle group, slightly below the EU average.
    There are considerable differences among the EU countries. Greece (40.7%) had the highest proportion, followed by Italy (35.7%) and Cyprus (32.1%). Portugal (8.3%) had the lowest percentage, preceded by Hungary (8.5%) and Poland (11.7%).

     

    In 2019, the proportion of working persons employed in Sunday work in the Flemish Region (13.2%) was slightly higher than in the Walloon Region (12.4%) and the Brussels-Capital Region (9.3%). 
    In the European Union with the United Kingdom (EU28) the proportion of persons employed in Sunday work was in 2019 on average 13.3% and in the European Union without the United Kingdom (EU27) 13.4%. The Flemish Region was in the lower middle group, just below the EU28 and EU27 average.
    There are also considerable differences among the Member States in this area. The Netherlands (19.6%) had the highest proportion, followed by Ireland (19.3%) and Spain (18.2%). Portugal (4.7%) had the lowest percentage, preceded by Poland (5.6%) and Hungary (6.1%).

  • Shift work for more than 8% of employees, working from home for 26% of employed people

    The share of Flemish workers with shift work was 8.1% in 2019, compared to 10.2% in 1999. Since 2012, the share has remained almost constant.

    The proportion of employed people who work at home to a certain extent rose quite sharply and almost continuously, from 12.9% in 1999 to 26.3% in 2019.

  • More men than women in shift work, no difference for working from home

    The share of male employees in shift work was 9.5% in 2019, compared to 12.0% in 1999. For women, that share declined from 7.7% in 1999 to 6.5% in 2019.

    The proportion of both men and women working from home increased sharply between 1999 and 2019. For men, it rose from 13.7% in 1999 to 26.1% in 2019, for women from 11.9% to 26.4%.

  • Share of employees in shift work in Flemish Region far below EU average

    In 2019, the proportion of persons employed in shift work in the Flemish Region (8.1%) was higher than in the Walloon Region (6.4%) and the Brussels-Capital Region (3.1%).

    In the European Union with the United Kingdom (EU28) and the European Union without the United Kingdom (EU27) the share of employees in shift work was on average 18.4% in 2019. The Flemish Region is in the group with the lowest percentages, far below the EU average.
    There are considerable differences between the EU countries. Slovenia (35.8%) had the highest proportion, followed by Croatia (33.6%) and Poland (31.4%). France had the lowest percentage (6.6%), preceded by Belgium (7.1%) and Denmark (7.9%).

  • Higher share of working people working from home in Flemish Region than EU average

    In 2019, the proportion of working persons working from home in the Flemish Region (26.3%) was higher than in the Walloon Region (20.9%) but slightly lower than the Brussels-Capital Region (28.2%).

    In the European Union with the United Kingdom (EU28) the share of working persons working from home was on average 16.3% in 2019, compared to 14.6% in the European Union without the United Kingdom (EU27). The Flemish Region was in the top group, with a significantly higher share than the EU average.
    There are large differences between the EU countries. The Netherlands (39.7%) had the highest proportion, followed by Sweden (38.3%) and Luxembourg (33.1%). Bulgaria (1.1%) had the lowest percentage, preceded by Romania (1.4%) and Cyprus (2.6%).

Sources

Statbel: Employment and unemployment 
Eurostat: Database 

Publication date

7 May 2020

Next update

6 May 2021

More numbers

Previous revisions