Aspects of working time and workplace regulation

  • Almost 11% of the employed in evening work, 3% in night work

    In 2020, the proportion of workers in the Flemish Region who perform evening work for at least half of their working days was 10.9%, compared to 15.2% in 1999. The share fluctuated around 15% in the period 1999-2010, followed by a strong decline. From 2013, the share fluctuated around 11%.

    The share of people working at night for at least half of the working days was much lower in the period 1999-2020 than the share with evening work. The share of night work decreased from 5.3% in 1999 to 3.0% in 2020.

  • More men than women with evening work and night work

    In 2020, the share of working men with evening work in the Flemish Region was 12.9%, that of working women 8.6%. For both men and women, the share was clearly lower in 2020 than in 1999.

    The share of working men with night work was 3.9% in 2020, compared to 6.8% in 1999. For women, the share of night work fell from 3.4% in 1999 to 2.1% in 2020.

  • Lower share of working persons with evening and night work in Flemish Region than EU average

    In 2020, the proportion of persons employed in evening work in the Flemish Region (10.9%) was higher than in the Brussels-Capital Region (9.5%) and the Walloon Region (7.7%). In the European Union (EU27) the proportion of working persons with evening work was on average 13.0% in 2020. The Flemish Region performed significantly lower than the EU average. Greece (37.6%) had the highest proportion of persons employed in evening work, followed by the Netherlands (28.1%) and Finland (20.9%). France (4.2%) had the lowest percentage in evening work, preceded by Croatia (5.7%) and Poland (6.3%).

    In 2020, the proportion of working people in night work in the Flemish Region (3.0%) was a little higher than in the Walloon Region (2,9%) and the Brussels-Capital Region (2.6%). In the European Union (EU27) the proportion of persons employed in night work was in 2020 on average 4.5%. That is somewhat higher than in the Flemish Region. Slovakia (12.4%) had the highest proportion in night work, followed by Malta (9.9%) and the Netherlands (8.0%). Poland (1.9%) had the lowest percentage, preceded by Portugal (2.2%) and Croatia (2.4%).

  • Almost 22% employed in Saturday work, almost 12% in Sunday work

    The proportion of working persons in the Flemish Region who work at least 2 Saturdays per month was 21.9% in 2020, compared to 19.1% in 1999. Compared to 2019, the share of employed people with Saturday work slightly decreased in 2020.

    The proportion of working people that work at least 2 Sundays a week was far lower than the proportion in Saturday work. Between 1999 and 2020, the share increased from 9.8% to 11.8%. The share of employed people with Saturday work slightly decreased in 2020, compared to 2019.

  • Equal share of men and women with Saturday work, slightly more women with Sunday work

    For working men, the share of Saturday work in 2020 was 22.0%, for working women 21.8%. The share of men has risen more sharply since 1999.

    The share of working men with Sunday work was 11.3% in 2020, that of working women 12.4%. The difference between 1999 and 2020 was slightly larger for women.

  • Share of working persons employed in Saturday and Sunday work lower in Flemish Region than EU average

    In 2020, the proportion of persons employed in Saturday work in the Flemish Region (21.9%) was slightly higher than in the Walloon Region (20.8%) and clearly higher than in the Brussels-Capital Region (15.4%). In the European Union (EU27) the share of persons employed in Saturday work was 21.4% in 2020. The Flemish Region was in the middle group, slightly below the EU average. There are considerable differences among the EU countries. Greece (39.5%) had the highest proportion, followed by Italy (31.0%) and Malta (30.2%). Hungary (7.4%) had the lowest percentage, preceded by Portugal (8.2%) and Poland (10.2%).

    In 2020, the share of working persons employed in Sunday work in the Flemish Region (11.8%) was slightly higher than in the Walloon Region (10.7%) and the Brussels-Capital Region (8.8%). In the European Union (EU27) the proportion of persons employed in Sunday work was in 2020 on average 11.4%. The Flemish Region was in the lower middle group, slightly lower than the EU average. There are also considerable differences among the Member States in this area. The Netherlands (19.3%) had the highest proportion, followed by Malta (17.6%) and Finland (16.5%). Portugal (4.6%) had the lowest percentage, preceded by Poland (4.9%) and Hungary (5.3%).

  • Shift work for more than 8% of employees, working from home for 34% of employed people

    The share of Flemish workers with shift work was 7.7% in 2020, compared to 10.2% in 1999. Since 2012, the share fluctuated around 8%.

    In 1999, the proportion of people in work who worked from home to some extent was 12.9%. Since then, it increased continuously to 26.3% in 2019. In 2020, it rose sharply to 34.2% under the influence of the Covid-19 pandemic.

  • More men than women in shift work, slightly more women work from home

    The share of male employees in shift work was 10.0% in 2020, compared to 12.0% in 1999. For women, that share declined from 7.7% in 1999 to 5.3% in 2020.

    Between 1999 and 2020, the proportion of both men and women working from home increased sharply. For men, it rose from 13.7% in 1999 to 33.4% in 2020 and for women from 11.9% to 35.0%.

  • Share of employees in shift work in Flemish Region far below EU average

    In 2020, the proportion of persons employed in shift work in the Flemish Region (7.7%) was higher than in the Walloon Region (5.8%) and the Brussels-Capital Region (3.3%).

    In the European Union (EU27) the share of employees in shift work was on average 17.5% in 2020. The Flemish Region is in the group with the lowest percentages, far below the EU average. There are considerable differences between the EU countries. Croatia (32.3%) had the highest proportion, followed by Slovenia (32.1%) and Poland (30.8%). France (6.1%) had the lowest percentage, preceded by Belgium (6.7%) and Denmark (8.5%).

  • Higher share of working people working from home in Flemish Region than EU average

    In 2019, the proportion of working persons working from home in the Flemish Region (34.2%) was higher than in the Walloon Region (29.9%) but lower than the Brussels-Capital Region (44.7%).

    In the European Union (EU27) the share of working persons working from home was on average 21.3% in 2019. The Flemish Region was in the top group, with a significantly higher share than the EU average. There are large differences between the EU countries. Luxembourg (47.8%) had the highest proportion, followed the Netherlands (42.7%) and Finland (40.4%). Bulgaria (3.0%) had the lowest percentage, preceded by Romania (3.2%) and Latvia (6.1%).

Sources

Statbel: Employment and unemployment 
Eurostat: Database 

Publication date

22 April 2021

Next update

21 April 2022

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