Built-up area

  • More than 28% of the total surface area in Flanders is built up

    At the start of 2018, 3,855 km² of the Flemish Region was built up, which corresponds to 28.3% of the total surface. This mainly refers to plots occupied by dwellings and roads, including adjoining spaces used for human activities. 

    The built-up area increases every year. In 2000, 24.4% of the total surface area was built up; in 2018 that proportion was up nearly 4 percentage points. 

  • Nearly half of built-up area used for housing

    In 2018, 43.5% of the built-up area was used for housing. Land for transport and telecommunications also accounts for a significant proportion of the built-up area. In 2018, it was 30.3%.   

  • 39 municipalities have a building density of 50% or more

    39 Flemish municipalities have a building density of 50% or more. The building density is the proportion of the total surface that is built up. This is the case in the big cities of Antwerp and Ghent, in some of their peripheral municipalities and in some municipalities in the north eastern periphery around Brussels. In the centre cities of Ostend, Leuven, Genk, Bruges and Roeselare, the building density is also higher than 50%. The region Roeselare - Kortrijk - Waregem is strikingly more densely built up in comparison with the Westhoek, Meetjesland and the south of Limburg. 

  • Brussels Region has highest building density

    The built-up area is increasing most in the Flemish Region, but the building density is highest in the Brussels-Capital Region. In 2018, 80% of the surface of the Brussels Region was built up. 


Statbel: Land use 

Publication date

12 June 2019

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