Causes of death


Statbel, processed by Statistics Flanders


Mortality according to cause of death:
The causes of death are coded and grouped according to international agreements (ICD10).

•    Infectious diseases and parasitic diseases (A00-B99)
•    Cancer and other neoplasms (C00-D48)
•    Endocrine diseases and nutritional and metabolic disorders (E00-E90)
•    Psychological and behavioural disorders (F00-F99)
•    Diseases of the nervous system (G00-G99)
•    Cardiovascular diseases (I00-I99)
•    Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J99)
•    Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K93)
•    Diseases of the urogenital system N00-N99
•    Other natural causes (D50-D89, H, M, L, O00-R99)


Remarks on quality

The statistics for mortality are based on death certificates (Model IIIC and Model IIID) which are filled in by a certifying doctor for each death in Belgium and then completed by the municipal authorities of the place of decease. These forms are forwarded to the Regions, which check, code and input the information for their own statistics. The databases are next forwarded to Statbel, which merges them to compile statistics at the federal level. For this purpose, Statbel links the forms to the deaths recorded in the National Register. This way, the available information can be checked and completed while the deaths in Belgium of persons not legally resident in the country can be excluded. Deaths of persons legally resident in Belgium which occur abroad are assigned the code R99 as a cause of death. Linking the forms to the National Register has only been in place since 2010. This implies that deaths abroad of persons resident in Belgium were not previously included in the federal statistics.
Since 1998, the coding of causes of death has been implemented in accordance with the 10th revision of the WHO’s International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10). All the tables of the statistics break down the deaths into various groups of causes, including a breakdown according to gender and 5-year age categories.
A division of Sciensano, the former Scientific Institute of Public Health (WIV), developed a platform (Standardised Procedures for Mortality Analysis), or SPMA. The aim of this instrument is to facilitate the analysis of vital statistics about births and deaths.


Statbel: Causes of death


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