Causes of death

  • More than half of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases and cancer

    In 2018, 31,3920 men and 32,005 women died in the Flemish Region. The two most important groups of causes of death were diseases of the cardiovascular system (27%) and cancer (and other neoplasms) (26%). More than half of all deaths in 2018 could therefore be attributed to these 2 groups of causes of death. 

    The percentage of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases is slowly decreasing. Since 2012, the share of the two main causes of death is almost equal.

    More recent figures on causes of death are not yet available.

  • More cancer deaths in men than in women

    In 2018, cancer caused most fatalities among men (30%). Deaths due to cardiovascular diseases came second with 25%.

    In women, cardiovascular diseases were the main cause of death (29%). Death due to cancer came second (23%).

    Mortality caused by respiratory diseases was ranked in the third place for both men and women.


  • Cancer mortality gradually increases with age

    Mortality caused by cancer showed a gradual increase from the age of 50 onwards in 2018. Mortality due to cardiovascular diseases increased rapidly from the age of 80 on. 

    In 2018, the risk of dying from cancer for those 65 years and over was nearly twice as high for men as for women. The risk of dying from a cardiovascular disease was greater in men than in women at each age.

  • Higher mortality in Flemish Region due to cardiovascular diseases and cancer than in other regions

    In 2018, there were, relatively speaking, slightly more deaths due to cardiovascular diseases in the Flemish Region than in the other 2 regions. This also applied to deaths due to cancer.


Publication date

14 January 2022

Next update

May 2022

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