Home ownership status


Woonsurvey 2005, Grote Woononderzoek 2013 and Woonsurvey 2018, Agentschap Wonen-Vlaanderen (Steunpunt Wonen), processed by Statistics Flanders


Home ownership status: the status of the reference person of the household in respect of the dwelling: he/she may be the owner, a tenant (private or social) or a free resident.

A household is considered to be the owner if one of the household members owns or co-owns the dwelling.

The households that rent a dwelling from a social housing company, via a social housing letting agency, from the local council (municipal authority) or a public social welfare centre (excluding service flats), are considered to be social tenants.

A free resident is not an owner or tenant and does not pay any fixed monthly housing costs.

Remarks on quality

The results shown are estimates based on a survey. This means that a margin of error has to be taken into account. These are point estimates that lie within an interval with a certain reliability, called the confidence interval. Changes in figures are statistically significant (generalised to the population) only if the confidence intervals of successive figures do not overlap. For more details on the significance of the changes of the indicators, readers are referred to the reports of Steunpunt Wonen, the Research Policy Centre on Housing.

The Woonsurvey (2005 and 2018) and the Grote Woononderzoek (GW0, 2013) inquire into the housing situation, wishes and satisfaction of households in Flanders, whilst recording the dwelling characteristics and the quality of the dwelling. The data serve as a basis for both scientific research and housing policy preparation and evaluation.

The sample of the surveys was taken from the household population. When talking about 'submarkets', we are therefore referring to the households that own or rent, and not to the total housing stock that is available in this submarket.

Woonsurvey 2005:

An interview was conducted with 5,200 households and 8,200 dwellings were subjected to an external inspection. The information from this 'Woonsurvey 2005' formed the basis for an extensive series of analyses into the affordability, quality and housing security of Flemish households, among other things.

Grote Woononderzoek 2013:

In 2012-2013, a second such survey was held, this time involving some 10,000 households. The larger sample size made it possible to produce an even more refined picture of the housing situation. For the 13 centre cities, a sufficiently large number of households were surveyed in order to be able to make accurate and reliable statements at the level of the individual cities as well. Another important difference with 2005 was that the inside of a large number of dwellings (5,000) was now also brought into focus in an objective manner.

Woonsurvey 2018:

In 2018, it was decided to conduct a standard survey with 4 additional modules. These modules are: characteristics of the dwelling and the local living environment, reasons for home ownership, characteristics of private rental/home acquisition, and attitudes regarding 'smart housing and living'. Wherever possible, the questions were geared to those of the Woonsurvey 2005 and the GWO 2013. This edition did not set out to perform objective inspections of the homes. The sample size was around 3,000 households in Flanders. The sample survey was designed in such a way that it also allows analyses to be carried out at the level of social housing. Due to the more limited sample size, the data are available only for Flanders and the provinces.


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