Inland navigation - tonne-kilometres
In 2020, just under 4.3 billion tonne-kilometres were covered across Flemish waterways by inland navigation vessels. Tonne-kilometre is a unit of measurement that combines weight and distance. For example, transporting 2 tonnes across a 2-kilometre distance represents 4 tonne-kilometres.
In 2020, the number of tonne-kilometres covered was 1% lower than the year before.
Almost 7 out of 10 of shipped goods are dry bulk
Transport via inland navigation is broken down into 5 packaging types. The largest portion of the goods carried by inland waterway was dry bulk (67%) in 2020. These are goods that are not packed and are poured in large quantities into the hold of a vessel, such as coal, iron ore, cereals, sand or gravel.
A smaller part of goods was shipped as liquid bulk (19%). Examples include oil or fruit juice.
Container transport accounted for 14% of all goods. Inland navigation by container has risen sharply in recent years.
Finally, there is the transport of palleted goods and transport of goods in gaseous state. Both represent a very small portion of the total goods transported by inland navigation.