Public funds for science and innovation
Public budget for science and innovation reaches 2.9 billion euro in 2019
At the time of the 2019 budget preparation, the total public budget for science and innovation amounted to 2.9 billion euro. This amount has gradually increased in recent years. 2019 in particular saw a sharp increase.
Bulk of public funds goes to research and development
The biggest part of the public funds for science and innovation goes to ‘research and development (R&D)’ (1.94 billion euro in 2019). This amount distinctly increased in recent years. The second biggest post is ‘education and training’ (0.84 billion euro). The ‘scientific and technological services’ post is substantially smaller (0.14 billion euro), and has remained more or less constant over the years.
Since 2002, ‘targeted research’ consistently outweighs ‘non-targeted research in the total public budget for science and innovation. Targeted research pursues an economic or social purpose. Non-targeted research is driven by scientific ambition and inquisitiveness.
In 2010, the share of targeted research stood at 59%. In 2015 and 2016, this share fell to approximately 50%. In the years that followed, the targeted research share rose again to 55% in 2018 and 58% in 2019.
Flanders performs above average in a European context
In comparison with the countries of the European Union for which data are available, Flanders performs better than average in terms of public funds for R&D. In 2017, the Flemish figure (0.75% of the GDP) beat the European Union average (0.62%). Germany comes up top, followed by the Scandinavian countries. Ireland did less well with 0.25%.
The Horizontal Budget Programme Science and Innovation Policy is the science and innovation policy that is funded by the Flemish government as a whole. This concerns administrative data derived from the Science Policy Horizontal Programme of the Flemish budget.
Targeted research: research which pursues an economic or social purpose.
Non-targeted research is driven by scientific ambition and inquisitiveness.